The LRT Line 2 System - The Blue Line
The Megatren, more popularly known by its generic name Line 2, is a 13.8km mass transit line that traverses five cities in Metro Manila namely Pasig, Marikina, Quezon City, San Juan and Manila, along the major thoroughfares of Marcos Highway, Aurora Boulevard, Ramon Magsaysay Boulevard, Legarda and Recto Avenue.
The Megatren system was built at a cost of P31 billion in soft loans mainly from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). This was very concessional loan, with 2 percent interestfor three packages, and payable for 30 years with a 10-year grace period.
The Asia Europe MRT Consortium, led by the Marubeni Corporation delivered 18 new four (4) - car trains. Each train is 92.6 meters long and consists of four motorized cars. One train can seat 232 passengers. It can accommodate 1,396 more standing passengers along its spacious coaches. Compared with the previous light rail projects, LRT 2 was more difficult to build because of highly technical problems. Several international companies participated in the project, which consisted of four (4) contract packages. Package 1 was the depot in Santolan, Pasig where the 18 trains are stabled, and where the employees' quarters and offices are based. Package 2 consisted of the substructures, mainly the railways foundations including the columns and pilings that support the guideways. Package 3 formed the superstructure composed of the girders, or beams that support the train rails, the viaduct, and the train stations. Package 4 included the electro-mechanical systems, the rolling stocks, the track works, including the network of cables and poles that transmit power to the trains.
A special method called the pre-casting segmental method (PSM), was used in building the viaduct or the long stretch of suspension bridges resting on the concrete towers. The method is of European technology and is widely used worldwide. In the Philippines, the Megatren Line 2 project pioneered the use of the PSM technology or the pre-casting of the girders into smaller segments so that each span connected between two columns is weighing not more than 58 tons.
The Megatren is the latest of its kind in the world today. It is a fully automatic (i.e., driver-less) system which is at par in terms of facilities and technology with those in other parts of the world. It is equipped with a CCTV system that enables the railway operator to monitor activities of passengers and employees at the stations and inside the trains. Moreover, the LRT 2 is commuter friendly and has facilities especially designed for the elderly and the differently-abled. It has Braille tactiles along the lanes and elevators which enable blind passengers to be guided on their way to the trains. The coaches are also more spacious than those of the earlier systems. These enable passengers with disabilities and those on board wheelchairs to be able to board and alight from Megatren without any problem. Elevators are installed in the stations for the use of the elderly and disabled passengers.
Another key feature of the Megatren is its automatic vending machines which enable the passengers to buy their tickets without queuing at the ticket booths. This allows for faster mobility of people and added convenience to commuters.
LRT Line 2 has a total length of about 13.8km and runs from Santolan, Pasig City to Recto in Manila.
LRT Line 2 extends from Santolan, Pasig City in the east to Recto, Manila in the west with 11 stations or terminals: Santolan, Katipunan (the first and only underground air-conditioned station), Anonas, Araneta Center-Cubao, Betty Go-Belmonte, J. Ruiz, Gilmore, V. Mapa, Pureza, Legarda and Recto.
Phase One covering the stations of Santolan, Katipunan, Anonas and Araneta Center-Cubao began its operations on 5 April 2003 while Phase Two from Betty Go-Belmote to Legarda was inaugurated on 5 April 2004.
Like its predecessors in LRT 1, all 18 trains of the Megatren are electrically-driven using a solid state propulsion technology powered by electric motors of 1,500 volts. Operated automatically by the Automatic Train Operations system, it can travel up to 80 km per hour on top speed. Travel time between Santolan and Recto only takes 30 minutes.
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo re-christened the Megatren as the Purple Line, which was recently renamed as Blue Line, noting the bright violet and canary yellow blends on the lower edge of the coaches, running from the front and all the way to the rear end. The colors and design denote the uniqueness of Philippine ethnicity.
The computerized coaches of LRT 2 measuring 3.2 meters wide and 92.6 meters long are much bigger and faster than their Czechoslovakian counterparts of MRT 3 cruising on Edsa, and the South Korean-manufactured Adtranz trains of LRT 1.
With this size, the Blue Line trains can accommodate up to 1,628 passengers; even if there were elderly and physically disabled on board who are provided with space for their own wheelchairs and mobility tools, alongside the fiberglass reinforced plastic benches.
Every four-car train has 20 sliding doors per side to facilitate the quick and convenient boarding and alighting of passengers. Each coach is also equipped with two units of mounted air conditioners.
Each train has its own Public Address System (PAS) from which a recorded computerized announcement of each station stop emanates. The PAS could also transmit music for a relaxing journey.
Designed to be commuter-friendly especially for the mobility-impaired, all elevators in all terminals of the Blue Line are with an engraved Braille, while all station concourses and platform levels are installed with path finding tactiles to guide persons with disabilities, specifically the visually-impaired.
In keeping with the fast-paced computerization and modernization of the world, the Blue Line is the first in the country to use two novel innovations in the mass rail system. These are the ticket vending machines (TVM) and the highly-sensitized Operations Control Center (OCC).
The TVMs that either accepts coins or P10, P20, P50 bills, or both, dispense single journey tickets per person. The OCC networks necessary internal and external linkages for an efficient, safe and secured service to commuters.
Aside from TV monitors, the OCC consists of ultra-modern communication gadgets and technology systems from Spain, Singapore, Germany, Japan, South Korea and France. These allow the on-the-spot recording and confirmation of all goings-on in all the stations. The Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition is responsible for the remote control management of the power supply to the depot and the entire 13.8 km stretch. The Building Management System takes care of the Katipunan underground air-conditioned station. The Centralized Paging Information System is the public address system that connects the management to their frontliners and passengers. The schematic diagram aids the OCC engineers know the problem track areas of the computerized trains which have their own black boxes similar to those of aircraft carriers.
With the goal of the national government through the Light Rail Transport Authority to provide the public with an alternative means of transportation, it is believed that Megatren or the Blue Line results in less traffic congestion on the roads, reduction in air pollution, a cleaner environment, considerable savings in travelling time, great economic benefits and a higher quality of life for commuters. The ease and convenience for large numbers of people to access the stations produce commercial, retail, and office development opportunities that contribute to faster urban renewal.